This page provides you with an overview of APA format. Included is information about referencing, various citation formats with examples for each source type, and other helpful information. See more across the site.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. A book should be in italics: An individual webpage should be in quotation marks.
The name of the parent website, which MLA treats as a "container," should follow in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works.
Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix.
It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason.
Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol.
Accessed 20 May Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public.HookED Educational Consultancy. HookED provides professional learning for enhancing deep learning outcomes..
Pam Hook (Director) developed a unique classroom based approach to SOLO Taxonomy (Biggs and Collis ).. When using SOLO Taxonomy in classrooms the focus is on the complexity of the structure of the student response, rather than on a categorisation of the student themselves.
Rubric for Papers in English Composition (A) High Proficiency (B) Good Proficiency (C) Minimal Proficiency (D or F) Non-proficiency Ideas.
iRubric J Student will write a thesis statement that identifies the focus or controlling idea.. Free rubric builder and assessment tools. “The qualities of good writing are complex and nuanced.
But they can be named, and I’m convinced they can be taught. Of all the arts, writing should be among the most democratic. Quality Liberal Arts Education; Exceptionally Employable; The Future of Higher Education; Home Thesis Rubric.
Thesis Rubric. Thesis Rubric. School of Education Home Page; Student Teaching Application; Thesis Rubric; Library Guide-Thesis Publication; Degree Completion Form; San Jose-Degree Completion Form; . Submit completed rubric to: [email protected] 1/11 Walden University.
Master’s Thesis Rubric. Empirical (Data Collection) Qualitative Studies.