A Social and Economic History Book:
After the war, Germany was left defeated, and Britain and France were left drained and exhausted.
The United States and the Soviet Union, though also drained, held considerable power, and both soon rose to superpower status. The two became rivals through "conflicting ideologies and mutual distrust"1, and constantly competed for power.
The Soviet Union wanted to spread Communism in Eastern Europe and create a "buffer zone" of friendly governments as defense against Germany. An "iron curtain" separated Europe. The post-war state of Germany was grim: After its unconditional surrender, Germany was divided into four zones of Allied military occupation: American, French, British, and Soviet.
The old capital of Berlin was also divided into four zones, but Berlin itself remained inside of the Soviet zone. West Germany became a suprisingly stable western democracy. This was what brought the downfall of the Weimar Republic and the rise of the Nazi Party, after all.
East Germany was established as a Stalin-style Socialist state. It became a member of the Warsaw Pact and came to have one of the most advanced economies and standard of living of the Soviet-bloc states though that's not saying much, as it still lagged behind West Germany. The East German government was formed into a centralized and dictatorial regime.
Free speech and opinions against the regime were not tolerated, and artistic and intellectual programs were strongly controlled. The Allies were at the same time trying to be forgiving to the Germans for World War Two while also insuring that the Germans could never again begin the expansionism that had led to the two previous wars.
The location of Germany as the gateway between East and West Europe made it the ideal place for these political struggles to occur. When Russia had tried to expand in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, they were checked by the rising power of the German state.
This new annexation caused the powers in Europe to become unbalanced and Russia replaced Germany as the country that was getting too big. Contrary to their actions against rising powers in the past, England did not try to stop the Russian expansion. They did this because they thought it preferable to give Russia parts of Germany over giving them other territories that would allow Russia access to the Mediterranean.
The Allies had many reasons for partitioning Germany. Overall, the purpose of dividing land up was to control Germany until a new government could be instated.
France, America, England and Russia all had parts of Germany that were put temporarily under their control. While the Allies were still in occupation of the country, decisions were made by a council of the four powers.
The representatives were then responsible for carrying out the decisions of the council in their allotted territory. There was a catch that the Russians exploited to thwart the other powers.
According to the treaty, proposals to the council were only put into effect if there was a unanimous vote. The Russians could use this just like they used the U. The Russians had annoyed the other powers by using their veto power in the Security Council to veto every proposition that came before them.
By exercising their right to arbitrarily veto any decision made regarding Germany, they could prevent any actions that were against their best interest. The Soviets then would be able to run Eastern Germany as they wished, because no proposition stopping them from doing so could be passed.
The Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine In Junethe Marshall Plan was put into effect in order to stop the Russians from influencing any of the weakened western powers.
During the time the United States sent massive economic aid to Europe democracies to help rebuild. Billions of dollars were spent to help countries recover quickly and to reduce the influence of Communism.
economic, political, cultural and social effects. are a social problem but merely report on issues and reinforce behavior already dominant France, Germany and elsewhere intensified focus on media and violence and the ways that rap music, video and computer games, television and film, and other types of youth culture. In the five years following the conclusion of World War I and the overthrow of the Kaiser on November 9, , Germany was wracked by a series of political crises and revolutionary struggles. Because Germany was not a multicultural society to begin with, the German people and the Turks have many issues that they go through every day. The German government is helping with Turkish immigration by encouraging them to become part of the culture if they would like to live and work in the country.
This plan helped to restore West Germany and rebuild it as a new ally in America's fight against Russia. Russia refused the aid of the Marshall Plan and, as a result, East Germany was not completely rebuilt.
This lack of reconstruction showed through even after the reunification. The German economy after reunification took a big hit, because it had to pay for all the reconstruction that the Communists never did.
The Truman Doctrine, a plan to help states going through a struggle for freedom against their oppressors, was instituted in The problems were huge.
|Political Problems in America During the Great Depression | Synonym||In the revolutionEbert controversially sided with the Imperial Army command against communists, while the Reichstag elected him as head of the new government. A revolutionary government met for the first time in November|
After all, the country had just lost a major war, without the public having been warned that things were not going well . Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more.
See world news photos and videos at initiativeblog.com ROME/GENEVA, Jun 20 (IPS) - Between and , nearly half of all civilian war deaths worldwide occurred in Syria, Iraq and Yemen, a major independent, neutral organisation ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of war and armed violence informs.
The Germany Economy Under Hitler. From the prosperity of the empire during the Wilhelmine era (), Germany plunged into World War I, a war it was to lose and one that spawned many of the.
Remaining Social Divide between East & West Germany It’s been over 25 years since the reunification, yet a social devide still remains between East & West Germany, in the form of lower wages and lower employment levels in East Germany.
Start studying Cold War. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. a Soviet policy allowing more open discussion of political and social issues, as well as more widespread news and info.
Division of Germany. Germany got divided into 4 zones controlled by the U.S., Great Britian, France and .