The mabo decision

Mabo Day occurs annually on 3 June. It commemorates Eddie Koiki Mabo c.

The mabo decision

Testimonials

This article discusses the history of Australia from the arrival of European explorers in the 16th century to the present. For a more detailed discussion of Aboriginal culturesee Australian Aboriginal peoples. Australia to Early exploration and colonization Early contacts and approaches Prior to documented history, travelers from Asia may have reached Australia.

Likewise, Muslim voyagers who visited and settled in Southeast Asia came within miles km of Australia, and adventure, wind, or current might have carried some individuals the extra distance.

Both Arab and Chinese documents tell of a southern land, but with such inaccuracy that they scarcely clarify the argument. Makassarese seamen certainly fished off Arnhem Landin the Northern Territoryfrom The mabo decision late 18th century and may have done so for generations.

The Portuguese The quest for wealth and knowledge might logically have pulled the Portuguese to Australian shores; the assumption has some evidential support, including a reference indicating that Melville Island, off the northern coast, supplied slaves.

Certainly the Portuguese debated the issue of a terra australis incognita Latin: He and some later Roman Catholic historians saw this as the discovery of the southern land. More significantly, from some Dutch ships sailing from the Cape of Good Hope to Java inevitably carried too far east and touched Australia: Pieter Nuyts explored almost 1, miles 1, km of the southern coast in —27, and other Dutchmen added to knowledge of the north and west.

Robert Ingpen, National Library of Australia, The mabo decision.

The mabo decision

He then explored the island of New Zealand before returning to Bataviaon Java. The British The Netherlands spent little more effort in exploration, and the other great Protestant power in Europe, England, took over the role.

On returning to England, he published his Voyages and persuaded the Admiralty to back another venture. He traversed the western coast for 1, miles — and reported more fully than any previous explorer, but he did so in terms so critical of the land and its people that another hiatus resulted.

The middle decades of the 18th century saw much writing about the curiosities and possible commercial value of the southern seas and terra australis incognita.

This was not restricted to Great Britain, but it had especial vigour there. The British government showed its interest by backing several voyages. Hopes flourished for a mighty empire of commerce in the eastern seas. This was the background for the three voyages of Captain James Cook on behalf of the British Admiralty.

Cook landed several times, most notably at Botany Bay and at Possession Island in the north, where on August 23 he claimed the land, naming it New South Wales.

Mabo case | Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies

National Library of Australia, nla. Marion Dufresne of France skirted Tasmania inseeing more than had Tasman. In the British navigator George Vancouver traversed and described the southern shores discovered by Pieter Nuyts years before. Two Britons— George Bassa naval surgeon, and Matthew Flindersa naval officer—were the most famous postsettlement explorers.

Together they entered some harbours on the coast near Botany Bay in and Bass ventured farther south in —98, pushing around Cape Everard to Western Port. Flinders was in that region early incharting the Furneaux Islands. Late that year Flinders and Bass circumnavigated Tasmania in the Norfolk, establishing that it was an island and making further discoveries.

Several other navigators, including merchantmen, filled out knowledge of the Bass Strait area; most notable was the discovery of Port Phillip in Meanwhile Flinders had returned home and in was appointed to command an expedition that would circumnavigate Australia and virtually complete the charting of the continent.

Over the next three years Flinders proved equal to this task. Above all, he left no doubt that the Australian continent was a single landmass. Appropriately, Flinders urged that the name Australia replace New Hollandand this change received official backing from It was on the northern coast, from Arnhem Land to Cape York Peninsulathat more exploration was needed.

European settlement The British government determined on settling New South Wales inand colonization began early in The motives for this move have become a matter of some controversy.

The traditional view is that Britain thereby sought to relieve the pressure upon its prisons —a pressure intensified by the loss of its American colonies, which until that time had accepted transported felons. But some historians have argued that this glossed a scheme to provide a bastion for British sea power in the eastern seas.

Some have seen a purely strategic purpose in settlement, but others have postulated an intent to use the colony as a springboard for economic exploitation of the area. It is very likely that the government had some interest in all these factors. Whatever the deeper motivation, plans went ahead, with Lord Sydney Thomas Townshendsecretary of state for home affairs, as the guiding authority.

The First Fleet sailed on May 13,with 11 vessels, including 6 transports, aboard which were about convicts men and women. More than free persons accompanied the convicts, chiefly marines of various rank.Mabo Day occurs annually on 3 June. It commemorates Eddie Koiki Mabo (c.

29 June –21 January ) a Torres Strait Islander whose campaign for Indigenous land rights led to a landmark decision of the High Court of Australia that, on 3 June , overturned the legal fiction of terra nullius which had characterised Australian law with regards to land and title since the voyage of James.

3 June: The Mabo decision What is the decision? The Mabo decision was a legal case held in It is short for Mabo and others v Queensland (No 2) ().The legal decision was made by the High Court on 3 June The High Court is the. Sustainable Planning of the Underground Space.

Underground space is a hidden asset that is still not fully comprehended by decision makers, planners, stakeholders and people. Eddie Mabo (c. 29 June – 21 January ) was an Indigenous Australian man from the Torres Strait Islands known for his role in campaigning for Indigenous land rights and for his role in a landmark decision of the High Court of Australia which overturned the legal doctrine of terra nullius ("nobody's land") which characterised Australian law with regard to land and title.

Mabo decision High Court decision in Mabo case recognises native title On 3 June , the High Court of Australia recognised that a group of Torres Strait Islanders, led by Eddie Mabo, held ownership of Mer (Murray Island).

Mabo - The Native Title Revolution. On June 3rd , just six months after Eddie "Koiki" Mabo's tragic death, the High Court upheld his claim that Murray Islanders held native title to land in the Torres Strait.

Mabo case | Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies