Writing Critiques of Primary and Secondary Sources Question I have been asked to critique my primary and secondary sources at the end of my paper. What should these critiques focus on and how long should they be?
Sources of secondary data[ edit ] Secondary data can be obtained from different sources: This information is called administrative data. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population.
It is a type of administrative data, but it is collected for the purpose of research at specific intervals. Most administrative data is collected continuously and for the purpose of delivering a service to the people.
Advantages and disadvantages of secondary data[ edit ] Secondary data is available from other sources and may already have been used in previous research, making it easier to carry out further research.
It is time-saving and cost-efficient: Administrative data and census data may cover both larger and much smaller samples of the population in detail.
Information collected by the government will also cover parts of the population that may be less likely to respond to the census in countries where this is optional.
The data may have been used in published texts and statistics elsewhere, and the data could already be promoted in the media or bring in useful personal contacts.
Secondary data generally have a pre-established degree of validity and reliability which need not be re-examined by the researcher who is re-using such data.
Secondary data can provide a baseline for primary research to compare the collected primary data results to and it can also be helpful in research design. However, secondary data can present problems, too. The data may be out of date or inaccurate.
If using data collected for different research purposes, it may not cover those samples of the population researchers want to examine, or not in sufficient detail.Secondary Source: A secondary source is information about primary, or original information, which usually has been modified, selected, or rearranged after the fact, for a specific purpose or audience.
It can be a description, an interpretation, an analysis, a commentary and an evaluation of an historical event or phenomenon, or the original.
Document analysis is the first step in working with primary sources. Teach your students to think through primary source documents for contextual understanding .
Secondary Source Documents: Materials that are produced with the benefit of hindsight and materials that filter primary sources through interpretation or evaluation. Books commenting on a historical incident in history are secondary sources.
Secondary data analysis, on the other hand, is the use of data that was collected by someone else for some other initiativeblog.com this case, the researcher poses questions that are addressed through the analysis of a data set that they were not involved in collecting.
A secondary source contrasts with a primary source, which is an original source of the information being discussed; a primary source can be a person with direct knowledge of a situation, or a document created by such a person.
In scholarship, a secondary source is a document or recording that relates or discusses information originally presented elsewhere. A secondary source contrasts with a primary source, which is an original source of the information being discussed; a primary source can be a person with direct knowledge of a situation, or a document created by such a person.