Quality enhancement in teacher education

Between anddata on fringe benefits from the Bureau of Labor Statistics show that pension costs for public educators rose from In contrast, pension costs for professionals in private firms were relatively flat, at about 10 percent of salaries, over the same period. About half of that is school-related, since K—12 workers represent about half of state and local employment. That trillion-dollar number, as vast as it seems, understates the seriousness of the situation.

Quality enhancement in teacher education

Ensuring the quality of teachers begins in teacher education programs, which are highly selective and draw from the top high school students in each province. Teacher Recruitment and Compensation Canada is consistently able to recruit high-quality students into teaching.

While each province sets its own policies for entry into teacher education, teaching is generally thought of as a high status and well-paid job.

Provinces have struggled with recruitment of teachers in remote parts of the country, however, and most offer bonuses and incentives to attract candidates into teaching.

Although there is a slightly smaller difference between bottom of scale and top of scale salaries in Canada than in other OECD countries, Canadian teachers reach the top of the pay scale much more quickly than in most countries, typically only needing about years of experience to earn the maximum salary.

Ontario, which recruits its teachers from among the top 30 percent of college graduates, has focused not only on recruiting strong teachers but on retaining them. The Ministry also created Survive and Thrive, which is an online community for teachers at all levels — including teacher candidates — to share information and experiences, as well as to establish on-line mentorship relationships with one another.

British Columbia has been highly focused on teacher recruitment since the Supreme Court ruled in that legislation that barred teachers from negotiating class size and compensation related to special-needs students was unconstitutional.

As a result of this ruling, the school system has agreed to restore language from previous contracts that called for smaller class sizes. Part of the challenge is attracting teachers to rural communities.

Teacher Initial Education and Training Teacher training programs are housed in Canadian universities, although separate standards for teacher qualifications exist across the provinces. There are only about 50 teacher education programs in Canada, so it is easier for provincial governments to regulate quality than in countries with many more programs.

Following initial education, the majority of provinces require another form of assessment, either through an examination or a certification process.

The requirements for induction periods also vary across the provinces, although most do have at least an informal orientation period.

Education Programs

First, the Ministry cut the number of slots in teacher education by about half. Today, about one in five applicants is currently accepted in teacher education programs, which are housed at 16 research universities in the province.

Second, the Ministry extended teacher preparation from a one to a two-year program. And third, an 80 day practicum requirement was added. In Ontario, teachers who complete their teacher education program receive a Basic Qualification, which varies by general or technology education, English or French, grade band, and subjects.

Teachers are required to be qualified in at least two consecutive grade bands gradesgradesgradesand grades Once Ontario teachers graduate from teacher education, the province provides a year-long induction program with an option to extend this to a second year.

This program was put in place in All new teachers are given a reduced teaching load and assigned a mentor who is an experienced teacher, who also has a reduced teaching load. The new teachers also take part in professional development designed to orient and support them throughout the year.

The new teachers as well as the mentors are evaluated at the end of the year. In British Columbia, there are nine universities that offer initial training for teachers. Programs are from one to two years, and all include a practical experience. After completing a preparation program and earning a Professional Certificate, teachers are assigned a Teacher Qualification Service category which is used by school boards to set salary levels.

There are seven categories. The British Columbia Teachers Council has the responsibility of approving any new teacher education program and requires that the programs meet provincial standards. The Council is currently reviewing these standards, after a year-long process of gathering input from teaching candidates, current teachers, school leaders, parents and the public.

The project is currently on hold, as the Ministry is planning to redesign it to support the new curriculum and assessment system. Successful teachers may be promoted to department head and can take part in professional development and training to take on leadership roles in the school and the school system later in their careers.

In Ontario, teachers can pursue Additional Qualifications which can boost their salary. Additional Qualifications are awarded after completing short courses focused on specific content areas as well as specializations such as technology use.

The curriculum for these courses is approved by the College of Ontario Teachers, the teacher-led credentialing organization.

Teachers are rated on 16 competencies aligned to three standards of practice: The emphasis of evaluation is on providing recommendations for continuous improvement, rather than on punitive accountability or career ladder advancement.

The evaluations and observations are done every five years, although they increase in frequency for low-performing teachers.

Quality enhancement in teacher education

However, teachers complete Annual Learning Plans that set goals for growth, and principals coach them to meet their goals annually, regardless of whether they are in an evaluation year.Education and Training Requirements to Become an ESL Teacher.

Individuals who want to learn how to become an ESL teacher may seek an ESL teacher degree through a state-approved teacher preparation program at the undergraduate or graduate level. Guidance for inspecting initial teacher training under the common inspection framework.

The pre-primary stage is the foundation of children's knowledge, skills and behaviour. On completion of pre-primary education, the children are sent to the primary stage but pre-primary education in India is not a fundamental right.

Education Programs. Erskine education program prepares future teachers for the classroom with early and plentiful teaching experience, careful instruction in methods, and focused individual attention to develop the strengths and shore up the weaknesses of each student. Archived Information: Title II of the Higher Education Amendments of created three Teacher Quality Enhancement Grant programs designed to increase student achievement through comprehensive approaches to improving teacher quality.

The programs provide three types of competitive grants. Estimated fees based upon the previous academic year ( / ) for Early Childhood Education (ECE) - Program #

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